Stanford Geriatric
Education Center

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Questions:

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1. In diverse, multicultural environments, all of the following are among the top five areas that may represent problems for ethnic elders, according to a discussion related to research on American Core Values, EXCEPT

a) Independence

b) Language spoken

c) Competition, competitiveness

d) Productivity defined in terms of economics

.....(Source: Dr. Margaret Clark in Health Care for Ethnic Elders: The Cultural Context, SGEC Working Paper Series, Number 7, page 3).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you selected a) Independence:

.....According to Dr. Clark, the American core value of independence may present problems for ethnic elderly related to expectations of individual independence which extends to individualism. The idea that the individual should be responsible for whatever happens to him/her and should be self-sufficient is not common to all cultures.

Return to Question 1 and consider another answer.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you selected b) Language spoken

.....Correct. While language may cause communication problems, an effective translation will not cause problems related to American core values. Language by itself is not in conflict with values. Proceed to Question 2.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you selected c) Competition, competitiveness

.....According to Dr. Clark, the American core value of competition, even cooperative competition as in agencies and companies for status and promotion, or competition for clientele, may conflict with the values of the minority elder who has come to recognize the importance of interdependence and the necessity of cooperation and relationships in maintaining a level of health that is optimal in the face of chronic disease or other health conditions.

Return to Question 1 and consider another option.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you selected d) Productivity defined in terms of economics

.....According to Dr. Clark, the American core value of productivity defined in terms of economics, socioeconomic status and in terms of prestige and power may cause problems for the minority elder who has come to value other roles of community participation, who has limited productivity, and who values feelings, intuition and relationships.

Please return to Question 1 and consider another option.

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